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Celtic bronze Ornament

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18486
Culture
: Euro-Celtic
Period
: 3rd-2nd Century B.C.
Material
: Bronze
Dimensions
: 2.9 cm x 6.5 cm
Price
: SOLD
Provenance
:

Acquired on the German art market in 2005.

Conditions
:

Excellent state of conservation


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Reference 18486

This cast bronze ornament is surprising because of its signi?cant weight. It is rectangular with the lower part cut straight and pierced by a square opening in its center. The object is hollow: two cylindrical rivets with ?attened heads, which also pierce the anterior part of the ornament, are inserted into the center of the hollow space; on the back, the piece was probably covered by a small ?at sheet.

Finished with a slightly curved decorative nail with a spherical head which extended from the opening under the piece, this pin was used to prevent a wheel from sliding off the axle of a chariot: it was threaded through a hole drilled at the ends of the axles so that the wheel could not fall off. Linchpins in the shape of curved nails are hallmarks of the Celtic World: the known examples, which are very few, generally present a rectangular ornament like this one, while others are surmounted by triangular or hemispherical decorations.

Three heads of animals in relief decorate the surface of the piece: two canines (wolves?) seem to surround a ram’s head. As is often the case in Celtic animal art, forms are stylized and abstract patterns and subjects are melded and mixed in an unnatural, although always original and varied way : thus, even on an small object like this one, the lower jaw of the wolves turns into a large volute with a bud in the center, a sort of ?sh tail extends from the ram’s head, a horse tail replaces the wolves’ neck (the wolves’ teeth look like a dotted bulge, the ram’s horn turns into an arch and the ears into buds in relief, etc.

 

Bibliography

DUVAL P.M., Les Celtes, Paris, 1977, pp. 113-117.
JACOBSTAHL P., Early Celtic Art, Oxford, 1968, pl. 101-103, n. 159-164.

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